Medical oncology deals with management of patients suffering from cancer with chemotherapy.
chemotherapy consists of administration of anticancer drugs with specific dilution in various IV fluids.
We have a chemotherapy unit at DPU Hospital. We also manage patients with targeted therapy , immunotherapy.
Now at DPU Hospital we have also started precision medicine which includes management of cancer patients with various genetic tests and actionable mutations. faculty.
Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses powerful chemicals to kill fast-growing cells in your body.
Chemotherapy is most often used to treat cancer, since cancer cells grow and multiply much more quickly than most cells in the body.
Many different chemotherapy drugs are available. Chemotherapy drugs can be used alone or in combination to treat a wide variety of cancers.
Though chemotherapy is an effective way to treat many types of cancer, chemotherapy treatment also carries a risk of side effects. Some chemotherapy side effects are mild and treatable, while others can cause serious complications.
Testing tumours for a variety of mutations we try to find out a particular target in a specific cancer patient.
Majority of targeted therapies are available as oral pills with no major side effects .
Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that helps your immune system fight cancer. The immune system helps your body fight infections and other diseases. It is made up of white blood cells and organs and tissues of the lymph system.
Immunotherapy is a type of biological therapy. Biological therapy is a type of treatment that uses substances made from living organisms to treat cancer.
Modern Treatments Available or Technology / Infrastructure available
- Precision Medicine
- It is also called as personalised medicine A form of medicine that uses information about a person’s own genes or proteins to prevent, diagnose, or treat disease.
- In cancer, precision medicine uses specific information about a person’s tumor to help make a diagnosis, plan treatment, find out how well treatment is working, or make a prognosis.
- Examples of precision medicine include using targeted therapies to treat specific types of cancer cells, such as HER2-positive breast cancer cells, or using tumor marker testing to help diagnose cancer.
- Chemoport insertion
- A device used to draw blood and give treatments, including intravenous fluids, blood transfusions, or drugs such as chemotherapy and antibiotics.
- The port is placed under the skin, usually on the right side of the chest. It is attached to a catheter (a thin, flexible tube) that is guided (threaded) into a large vein above the right side of the heart called the superior vena cava.
- A needle is inserted through the skin into the port to draw blood or give fluids and other treatments.
- A port-a-cath may stay in place for many weeks, months, or years.
- Also called port.
- PICC Line
- Also called peripherally inserted central catheter.
- A device used to draw blood and give treatments, including intravenous fluids, drugs, or blood transfusions.
- A thin, flexible tube is inserted into a vein in the upper arm and guided (threaded) into a large vein above the right side of the heart called the superior vena cava.
- A needle is inserted into a port outside the body to draw blood or give fluids.
- A PICC may stay in place for weeks or months and helps avoid the need for repeated needle sticks.
Dr. Mangesh A. Mekha
MBBS, MD, DM (Oncology)
Dr. Reshma Puranik
MD, DNB-Medi, DM, DNB, Medical-Oncology, MRCP(UK) ECMO, PGDGM